The effects of the 4th industrial revolution on the garment manufacturing industry
The 4th Industrial Revolution accompanying with the tempestuous development of information technology and the Internet will create such crucial advantages. Hence, the income level has been enhanced. Simultaneously, the masses’s living standard becomes higher with every passing day because of the lower products and services’ costs. Moreover, the works are simplified and easier. So, with the effects of new technology, how will the garment manufacturing industry be affected?
Industry 4.0 creates many problems for the garments manufacturing industry in Vietnam
Nowadays, the development of industry 4.0 technologies is promoting the appearance of smart equipment in our daily life. Individually, it can be safe to say that robots have become quite familiar with humans and are gradually replacing people to work in factories. A lot of simple operations with repeated manipulations have been superseded by machines. It leads to the risk of increasing unemployment, especially for the garment manufacturing industry in particular.
However, technological modifications will bring various benefits to consumers. Machines can take place of human physical strength to carry out heavy or dangerous works. Soon, in the future, industry 4.0 technologies will be able to replace 85% of Vietnam’s garment human resources. Labor will be in charge of controlling machinery in the garment factories.
Opportunities and challenges when applying industry 4.0 technologies
Industry 4.0 is considered to be a measure to meet human demands. The different steps in the manufacturing process will be executed synchronously and create homogeneous products. High-end garment company have to specify all missions in the production line. Thence, commodities will be produced in a high-quality condition and avoid defective products.
In many ways, these improvements are beneficial for the garment manufacturing industry. Applying innovative technologies does not only makes shopping more enjoyable but also increases production efficiency and reduces costs. Many garment factories will immediately catch up with the trend to satisfy all users’ needs. In contrast, fashion brands will meet the predilections of consumers right away. Therefore, the number of stock-in-trade products will decrease tremendously.
Besides the advantages, industry 4.0 technologies also bring out many challenges. In particular, machinery will replace labor power Some steps such as silk and natural fibers productions, weaving processes, especially non-woven fabric, and dyeing stages can absolutely be executed by machines instead of human resources. However, the sewing stage generally has a low average ability for replacement because of its high- fashion and diverse demands.
Especially, since the traditional factories were modernized faster, technology services have been playing a more and more important role. Human resources must take efforts to improve specialized knowledge. Specifically, some simple jobs did not use manpower any more. Instead, people will be responsible to manage all the production line. So, knowledge and skills must be improved day by day.
In general, enterprises must prepare every aspect to get ready for the gradual modernization. Human resources, capital, and technology are three factors that you have to pay much attention to. Besides, enterprises must also follow the improvement process closely to lead to success.
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